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P. 56-58 /

Antioxidant and stability of dragon fruit peel colour

corresponding

NATTAYA LOURITH*, MAYUREE KANLAYAVATTANAKUL
*Corresponding author
Mae Fah Luang University, School of Cosmetic Science, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand

Abstract

Dragon fruit is considered as a functional fruit with a decorative effect. The peel colour was evaluated on activity and stability. More preferred colour was obtained from water extract with a higher antioxidant activity and phenolic content than the ethanolic one. Chlorogenic acid, gallic acid, and quercetin were determined for the first time. Water extract having red-purple colour was stable at higher pH and temperature. Dragon fruit peel is a potential source of red-purple colour with a moderate antioxidant activity for food and cosmetic decorations. Its ecological origin is meeting an economical perspective and the consumers’ preference for green products.


INTRODUCTION

Dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) or Pitaya is emerging in health promotion product in addition to its known application in food having nutritional and decorative effects. In the genus Hylocereus, the fruit pulp has a variety of colour, which is white, red, and purple, including red and yellow peel. The red hue prepared from Hylocereus sp. fruit is being particularly requested in the market (1) because of its health benefits and colour. 

DRAGON FRUIT

Dragon fruit is gaining much attention recently because of its micronutrient enrichment regulated by the phenolics that poss