Ultraviolet radiation, skin type and skin cancer
Skin cancer, including basal cell carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma, is the mostcommon form of cancer, particularly in fair-skinnedpopulations. Ultraviolet radiation, most often in the form ofsunlight, is the major causative agent for skin cancer.Individuals who tend to develop sunburns or havesusceptible pigmentary characteristics, such as a faircomplexion or freckles, are at a higher risk for developing skincancer. The use of sunscreens or sun-protective clothing, andavoidance of midday sunlight and tanning beds are skincancer prevention strategies, although the prevalence ofthese behaviours is low. Effective prevention campaigns,exemplified by Australia’s model, include interventions at thesocietal, community, and individual levels.