Print this article
P. 45-49 /

Unconventional method for preparation of soluble fibres from starch

corresponding

KAMILA KAPUSNIAK1,2, SYLWIA PTAK1,3, ARKADIUSZ ZARSKI1, EWA NEBESNY2, JANUSZ KAPUSNIAK1*
*Corresponding author
1. Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Biotechnology, Armii Krajowej 13/15 Ave., 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
2. Technical University of Lodz, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of Chemical Technology of Food, Stefanowskiego 4/10 Str., 90-924 Lodz, Poland
3. Technical University of Lodz, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of Technical Biochemistry, Stefanowskiego 4/10 Str., 90-924 Lodz, Poland

Abstract

New starch preparations were produced by thermolysis of potato starch acidified with hydrochloric and citric acids in a microwave oven. Effect of microwave heating with different exposure times and various radiation level on physical, chemical properties and total dietary fibre (TDF) content in starch preparations was studied. Physico-chemical characteristics of dextrins including water solubility, water binding capacity, acidity, dextrose equivalent, intrinsic viscosity, HPSEC chromatograms were done. TDF content was determined by AOAC Official Method 991.43. Moreover, the stability of dextrins in in vitro model simulating the stomach and small intestine was tested. Studies showed that starch dextrins were characterized by increased dietary fibre content and increased resistance to digestion and absorption in the upper part of digestive tract.


INTRODUCTION

Dietary fibre (DF) offers many health benefits. It protects against cardiovascular disease, lowers the risk of coronary heart disease. There is a strong inverse relationship between DF consumption and development of type II diabetes (1). DF is important for normal laxation. Studies report that people who consume higher amounts of fibre weigh less than people who consume smaller amounts (2). Some fibres may also play a role in improving immune function via production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) (3). Currently, recommended daily intake of DF is of 14.1 g/1000 kcal energy intake for adults. In practice this means an advised daily intake of about 35 g for a man and 28 g for a woman (4). Unfortunately, in many countries the levels of fibre intake