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Sulphonated Methyl Ester a promising surfactantfor detergency in hard water conditions

corresponding

YEE SENG LIM1, RUMYANA D. STANIMIROVA2, HUI XU1, JORDAN PETKOV1*
*Corresponding author
1. KL-Kepong Oleomas SDN BHD, Research & Development Centre, Lot 1&2, Solok Waja 3,
Bukit Raja Industrial Estate, PO Box 83, 41710 Klang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
2. Department of Chemical & Pharmaceutical Engineering,
Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Sofia University, 1 James Bourchier Ave. 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

We report results on the physical phase behavior of sulphonated methyl esters in different water hardness conditions. We also compare its foam performance against a number of other surfactants in correlation with their Kraftt points at different levels of water hardness. Whilst SME is slightly behind in terms of solubility in deionized water it gains ground as the level of water hardness goes up and is significantly better when certain mixtures are used. The best results are observed at 1:1 ratio for Kraftt point as well as for foam performance. The results suggests potential applications for this relatively new palm oil derived surfactants, namely in regions with high levels of water hardness.


INTRODUCTION

Sulphonated methyl esters (SME) have been identified quite some years back as a green alternative to the current surfactant leader of the Home Care market - the linear sodium alkyl benzene sulphonate (LAS), as well as alpha olefin sulphonates (AOS), primary alcohol sulphate (PAS) and alcohol ethoxylated sulphate (AES) which are predominantly petrol derived (1, 6). With the increased awareness of leading Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) companies with regard to preserving the scarce planet resources for the future generations, i.e. doing business in a sustainable manner, the demand for renewable and highly performing substitutions of the current petrol based surfactants has never been stronger. The sulphonated methyl esters are also non-toxic, very mild and e