Emotional aspect of lips and their meaning


*Corresponding author

  1. UOC of Dermatology, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza Medical School of Rome, Italy
  2. IDI, Rome, Italy
  3. Klinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Marburg, Marburg, Germany
  4. Department of dermatology, University of Science and technology hospital Sanaa Yemen


Lips contribute to human beauty, therefore are considered a target for art, personal beauty coach and doctors. They are represented in different ways in different artistic period and fashion, drug companies and cosmetic companies are focusing on them, changing and introducing in the market continuously new products to improve them and increase their attractiveness. Although sometimes they are target of different skin diseases, primary or secondary or self-created one, like one of our patient.

Beauty ideals and aesthetic standards vary across eras and cultures. Lip contribute to human beauty and piercing or lip augmentation is sometimes carried out for cosmetic reasons. Throughout human history, we have ornamented our lips in many ways for various reasons, including cultural beliefs, beauty and aesthetics, courtship and social status. As well as being one of the key aesthetic units of the face, lips play a significant role in phonation and swallowing, so for practitioners aiming to augment or enhance lips, successful treatment is essential. Studies examining the profiles of female models in the late 20th century found that fuller and more anteriorly positioned lips were more fashionable.

As a result, and with the evolution of treatments available, lip augmentation has become progressively popular in recent years, reflecting the cultural trends in youth and beauty. It has been reported that lip augmentation is one of the most popular and requested aesthetic procedure since the introduction of modern dermal fillers. Sometimes instead lip augmentation can be due to other habits. The lips contribute substantially ...