China’s growing presence in the global supply chain
China has become a top sourcing destination for low cost commodity products. Through supply agreements with foreign companies Chinese – made APIs and intermediates have been integrated into the global supply chain. Contrary to a popular misconception, finished dose products from China are only just beginning to arrive on the USA market. In an effort to improve quality, environmental protection and market growth, the Chinese government has taken action by implementing new GMP and environmental regulations. However, these initiatives come with increasing costs that may impact the advantages of sourcing from China.
China has become an increasingly important player in the global pharmaceutical supply chain. The availability of a wide variety of intermediates, low cost base, large talent pool and good infrastructure has made China a preferred sourcing destination for low cost commodity products for a number of pharmaceutical companies.
Foreign companies in pursuit of cost advantages and access to local and emerging markets are partnering with China-based companies. Janssen has had a supply arrangement in place with Chongqing Huapont since the early 1990s; additionally, supply agreements exist between Boehringer Ingelheim and Hisoar (2008) and Novartis and Zhejiang Huahai (2011) for active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) and intermediates. Through these and other supply arrangements, APIs and intermediates sourced from China have been integrated into the global supply chain. However, finished prescription medications made in China are only just beginning to arrive on the USA market.
Thomson Reuters is currently tracking over 1000 API manufacturers in China. However, only about 20 percent of ...