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P. 24-29 /

Ketogenic diet and phytoextracts
Comparison of the efficacy of Mediterranean, zone and tisanoreica diet on some health risk factors

ANTONIO PAOLI1,2*, LORENZO CENCI3, MARIA FANCELLI4, ANDREA PARMAGNANI2, ANDREA FRATTER5, ALESSANDRO CUCCHI6, ANTONINO BIANCO7
*Corresponding author
1. University of Padova, School of Human Movement Sciences, Padova, Italy
2. University of Padova, Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology – Sect of Physiology, Padova, Italy
3. S. Bortolo Hospital, Nutrition and Dietetic Service, Vicenza, Italy
4. Versilia’s Hospital, Unit of Cardiology and Diabetology, Lucca, Italy
5. University of Padova, School of Dentistry – Faculty of Medicine, Padova, Italy
6. University of Ferrara, Section of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine, Ferrara, Italy
7. University of Palermo, Department of Sports Science (DISMOT), Palermo, Italy

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to test the efficacy of three kind of different diet on some health risk factors. The primaryobjective of the present study was to examine the effects of diets, amount of carbohydrate intake and use of phytoextracts onweight loss, body composition and related risk factors and on metabolic values as Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) and Respiratory Ratio (RR).We tested 44 subjects randomly assigned to one of 3 groups of diet: Mediterranean (MED), Zone (ZON) andTisanoreica® i.e. ketogenic diet plus phytoextracts (TIS). Anthropometry, blood chemistry and urine analysis were performed. After40 days TIS led to a significant average weight and fat loss compared to ZON and MED. Moreover TIS showed a significantreduction in fasting glucose whilst there weren’t significant differences in creatinine, uric acid and urea. A significant reduction inthe Respiratory Ratio in the TIS group was observed. In conclusion our data shows that the TIS diet, using supplements that mimicthe look and taste of carbohydrates and phytoextracts enhance weight reduction, improved lipid profile and mitigate the sideeffects of ketosis.


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