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Maternal obesityin pregnancy Future health challenges

SYLVAIN SEBERT1,3*, ANNE-MAJ SAMUELSSON2, MICHAEL E SYMONDS1, MARJO-RIITTA JARVELIN3
*Corresponding author
1. University of Nottingham, Early nutrition Research Unit, School of Clinical Sciences, Nottingham, United Kingdom
2. King’s College London, Division of Women’s Health, London United Kingdom
3. School of Public Health Imperial College London, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, London, United Kingdom

Abstract

The rate of overweight or obesity has now reach the alarming threshold of more than 30 percent in women ofchild-bearing in most of the western societies, creating an unprecedented burden in every health care system. Health careprofessionals, scientists, nutritionists and dieticians must act rapidly to be able 1) reduce the direct health related consequences in the mother and the fetus and 2) understand the long term programming consequences that are predicted to affect the offspring born to overweight mothers. One first challenge, highlighted in the present review, will beto assess and define the influence of both pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain on maternal body compositionand nutrient supply accessible to the growing fetus.


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