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Nuts for prevention and management of heart disease and diabetes

MICHELLE WIEN1*, LYNN MONAHAN COUCH2
*Corresponding author
1. Loma Linda University, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health 24951 N. Circle Drive, Nichol Hall 1107, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
2. West Chester University, Department of Health, College of Health Sciences Sturzebecker Health Science Center, West Chester, PA 19383, USA

Abstract

Nuts are energy dense whole foods that are rich sources of unsaturated fat, fibre, vitamins, minerals and polyphenols. According to the 2010 Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, nut intake is recommended to help facilitate the shift to a more plant-based diet for chronic disease prevention.Consistent findings across epidemiological studies, clinical trials, meta-analysis and pooled analysis have shown that frequent nut consumption reduces heart disease risk. The role of nuts in the prevention and management of persons withtype 2 diabetes has not been firmly established and additional research is needed to elucidate the benefits that nuts mayyield in this growing population.